Knowledge Base


by Dr Vaid Ji on Nov 17, 2023



- Hydronephrosis is a condition where there is swelling or enlargement of the kidneys due to the build-up of urine. This can be caused by various factors, such as a blockage in the urinary tract, kidney stones, or other underlying health issues.


Hydronephrosis can be caused by several factors, including:

  1. Kidney stones: Obstructing stones can block the flow of urine.
  2. Urinary tract obstruction: Any obstruction, such as tumors or an enlarged prostate, can prevent urine from draining properly.
  3. Pregnancy: The growing uterus can sometimes compress the urinary tract.
  4. Congenital abnormalities: Some individuals may be born with structural issues in the urinary tract that lead to hydronephrosis.
  5. Infections: Inflammation and swelling from urinary tract infections can contribute.
  6. Blood clots: Clots can obstruct the urinary tract and cause hydronephrosis.
  7. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction: Conditions affecting nerve signals to the bladder can lead to problems with emptying.


  1. Flank or back pain: Discomfort in the side or back due to kidney swelling.
  2. Urinary issues: Changes in urination patterns, urgency, or frequency.
  3. Abdominal pain: Pain or pressure in the abdomen.
  4. Nausea and vomiting: Possible symptoms if hydronephrosis is severe.
  5. Fever or chills: Signs of infection if hydronephrosis is related to an underlying issue like a urinary tract infection.
  6. Hematuria: Presence of blood in the urine may occur.


  1. Obstructive Hydronephrosis: This occurs when there is a blockage in the urinary tract, preventing the normal flow of urine. Causes can include kidney stones, tumors, an enlarged prostate, or congenital abnormalities.
  2. Non-obstructive Hydronephrosis: In this type, there isn't a physical blockage, but urine is not effectively cleared from the kidneys. This can result from conditions like vesicoureteral reflux (where urine flows backward from the bladder to the kidneys) or neurogenic bladder dysfunction.


Several factors can increase the risk of developing hydronephrosis, including:

  1. Kidney stones: Presence of stones in the urinary tract can lead to obstruction.
  2. Enlarged prostate: In men, an enlarged prostate can obstruct urine flow.
  3. Pregnancy: Pressure from the growing uterus can contribute to urinary tract obstruction.
  4. Urinary tract infections: Infections can cause inflammation and swelling, potentially leading to obstruction.
  5. Congenital abnormalities: Individuals born with structural issues in the urinary tract may be at higher risk.
  6. Tumors: Both benign and malignant tumors can block the urinary tract.
  7. Neurological conditions: Disorders affecting nerve function to the bladder may increase the risk.
  8. Bladder dysfunction: Conditions causing poor bladder emptying can contribute.


  1. Herbal remedies like Ayurvedic herbs are recommended for their potential diuretic and kidney-supportive properties :
  • Punarnava
  • Gokshura
  • Varuna
  1. Dietary modifications: Adjustments in diet, such as reducing salt intake and avoiding foods that strain the kidneys are advised.
  2. Lifestyle changes: Recommendations for lifestyle modifications, including adequate hydration, stress reduction, and gentle exercise are suggested.


  • Gokshuru Capsules – Gokshuru capsules are pure ayurvedic medicine which is very effective in kidney disorders as it has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce the swelling of the abdomen. It also acts as diuretic which causes increased urine secretion from the body and removal of all the toxins. These capsules contain pure extract of Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris). It provides effective result in acute & chronic kidney disease, chronic renal failure, cystitis, and urethritis, nephropathy, and urinary tract infections.
    Recommended Dosage: Take one capsule twice daily with normal water.
  • Kidney Care Tablet – kidney plays an important role in keeping the whole body clean, well-fueled, strong and functioning properly. Kidney failure puts the body at risk, allowing waste to accumulate and damage the kidneys from inside. It is a good idea to do a kidney cleansing and keep a check on the health of the kidneys in your middle and old age. The toxins that buildup results in nausea or feeling sick to the stomach, lack of concentration and blood pressure changes are all symptoms of kidney failure.
    Recommended Dosage: Take 2 tablets twice daily with normal water.
  • UTI Care Tablet – UTI Care Tablets helps to treat Urinary tract infections along with the diseases related to kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. This tablet contains pure herbal ingredients which are Yavakshar (Hordeum vulgare), kalmi Shora (Pottasium nitrate), Naushadar (Ammonium chloride), Swarna Gairik (Red ochre), etc. UTI Care Tablets are also beneficial in kidney stones, chronic kidney disease, renal colic, burning sensation or pain during micturition, and Hypertension.
    Recommended Dosage
    : Take 1 tablet twice a day with normal water.
  • Detox Premium Powder – The powder contains all the Ayurvedic herbs which strengthen the immune system of the body and prevents the various complications by potentiating immune system. The powder includes:
  • Parwal Pishti – Parwal pishti is prepared from Coral calcium. It is mainly used in Pitta related disorders and helpful in bleeding disorders. This pishti relieves Ama dosha and improves the digestion power. It also improves the strength and immunity.
    Shukta Pishti – It is prepared from Pearl oyster shell. Shukta pishti pacifies Pitta and Kapha dosha. It is the best ant-acid and relieves the abdominal distention. Shukta pishti reduces the rashes on the arms and legs.
    Giloy Satva–Giloy satva includes water-soluble extract of Giloy/Guduchi (Tinospora Cordifolia). It balances the aggravated pitta and acts as a mild-antipyretic, antacid, and immuno-modulator. It also reduces burning sensation in the hands, feet, and body.
    Kamdudha Ras–According to Ayurveda principles, Kamdudha Ras has Sheeta Virya thus it is beneficial in every Pitta Roga classified in Ayurveda. It is beneficial in the symptoms like burning sensation, restlessness, bleeding tendencies, excessive thirst, and hot flashes, vomiting with yellowish or sour water.
    Akik Pishti – Akik bhasma contains Silicon Dioxide and some herbal extracts derived into in during processing with Aloe vera and Rose water. It is used in General debility, Restlessness. It works well in loss of appetite, weight loss, and feeling of excessive heat in the body.
    Gandhak Rasayan – Gandhak Rasayan is a great antibacterial, antiviral ayurvedic medicine. It acts as an anti-pyretic, analgesic, & blood purifier.
    Sutshekhar Ras–It is an important medicine used in Ayurveda, which acts on Pitta dosha and reduces the symptoms like nausea, vomiting, fever, headache, sour taste of mouth, restlessness, etc.
    Recommended Dosage – Take 1 sachet twice a day with normal water.