Knowledge Base


by Dr Vaid Ji on Nov 02, 2023


Punarnava, scientifically known as Boerhavia diffusa, is a well-known herb in Ayurvedic and traditional medicine systems. It is native to India and has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries. Punarnava is valued for its diuretic, anti-inflammatory, and rejuvenating qualities.


 In Ayurveda, Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa) is highly regarded for its therapeutic properties and is classified according to Ayurvedic principles. Here are its properties according to Ayurveda-

  • Rasa (Taste): Punarnava is generally described as having a bitter

(tikta) and slightly pungent taste. These tastes are associated with its cleansing and detoxifying properties.

  • Virya (Potency): It is considered to have a heating or hot potency (ushna virya). This means it can help balance certain conditions where there is excess coldness or dampness in the body.
  • Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): The post-digestive effect of Punarnava is pungent (katu). This means that after digestion, it can have a warming effect on the body.
  • Guna (Quality): It is known for its lightness and dryness which are qualities associated with its diuretic and detoxifying properties
  • Diuretic and detoxifying-it has diuretic properties and is commonly used to increase urine output, aiding in the elimination of excess fluids and toxins from the body.
  • Anti – inflammatory- the herb exhibits anti- inflammatory properties and may be applied to manage conditions associated with inflammation.
  • Pitta and kapha balancing – it is often used to balance both Pitta and Kapha doshas, making it valuable in conditions where these doshas are aggravated.


Punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa) is an herb with a wide range of potential health benefits, and it has been used traditionally in Ayurvedic medicine for various purposes. Some of the potential benefits of Punarnava include:

  • Diuretic Action: Punarnava is a natural diuretic, which means it can promote urine production and help in the elimination of excess fluids from the body. This can be beneficial for conditions like edema (swelling) and water retention.
  • Anti-Inflammatory Properties: It has anti-inflammatory qualities and can be used to reduce inflammation and alleviate conditions such as arthritis, joint pain, and inflammatory disorders.
  • Kidney Health: Punarnava is believed to support kidney function and may help in various kidney-related issues, including kidney stones and renal dysfunction.
  • Liver Health: In Ayurveda, Punarnava is used to support the healthy functioning of the liver and assist in detoxification processes.
  • Heart Health: Some studies suggest that Punarnava may help maintain healthy blood pressure levels and support cardiovascular health.
  • Detoxification: It is considered to have detoxifying properties, helping to remove toxins from the body and purify the blood.
  • Anti-microbial: Punarnava has exhibited antimicrobial properties, which can be useful in addressing various infections, including urinary tract infections.
  • Anti-oxidant: It contains antioxidants that help protect cells from oxidative stress and damage.
  • Respiratory Health: In traditional medicine systems, it has been used for respiratory issues like asthma and bronchitis.
  • Adaptogenic: Punarnava is classified as an adaptogen, which means it may help the body adapt to stress and maintain overall balance.