Knowledge Base

What are vector borne diseases?

by Dr Vaid Ji on Feb 26, 2024

What are vector borne diseases?

Vector-borne diseases are illnesses caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, or parasites that are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected vectors, such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, or flies. These vectors serve as carriers of the pathogens and can spread them from one host to another, including humans. Vector-borne diseases are prevalent in certain regions where the vectors are abundant, and they pose significant public health challenges worldwide. Examples of vector-borne diseases include malaria, dengue fever, Zika virus, Lyme disease, and West Nile virus. Preventive measures such as vector control, use of insect repellents, and vaccination (where available) are essential for controlling the spread of these diseases.

Causes of vector borne diseases-

Vector-borne diseases are caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, or parasites that are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected vectors like mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, or flies. These pathogens can include:

  • Viruses: Examples include the dengue virus, Zika virus, West Nile virus, and chikungunya virus.
  • Bacteria: Bacterial pathogens transmitted by vectors include those responsible for diseases like Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi), plague (Yersinia pestis), and tularemia (Francisella tularensis).
  • Parasites: Parasitic infections transmitted by vectors include malaria (Plasmodium spp.), sleeping sickness (Trypanosoma spp.), leishmaniasis (Leishmania spp.), and Chagas disease (Trypanosoma cruzi).

Home remedies for vector borne diseases-

Home remedies for vector-borne diseases often focus on alleviating symptoms and supporting the body's immune response. Here are some home remedies that may help:

  • Herbal teas: Drinking herbal teas made from immune-boosting herbs like Echinacea, elderberry, ginger, and licorice root may help support the immune system and promote recovery from vector-borne diseases.
  • Garlic: Consuming raw garlic or garlic supplements may have antimicrobial properties that can help fight off infections and reduce the severity of symptoms associated with vector-borne diseases.
  • Turmeric: Turmeric contains curcumin, a compound with potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Adding turmeric to your meals or taking turmeric supplements may help reduce inflammation and support overall immune function.
  • Honey: Honey has natural antibacterial and antiviral properties and can be soothing for sore throats and coughs associated with certain vector-borne diseases. Drinking warm water with honey and lemon or adding honey to herbal teas may help relieve symptoms.
  • Essential oils: Some essential oils, such as eucalyptus, tea tree, lavender, and peppermint, have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that may help alleviate symptoms and promote healing. Diffusing these oils or using them topically (properly diluted) may provide relief.
  • Proper hydration: Staying hydrated is essential for supporting the body's immune response and promoting overall health. Drink plenty of water, herbal teas, and clear fluids to stay hydrated and flush out toxins.
  • Rest and relaxation: Getting plenty of rest and practicing stress-reduction techniques like deep breathing, meditation, and gentle yoga can help support the body's natural healing processes and promote recovery from vector-borne diseases.