Knowledge Base


by Dr Vaid Ji on Nov 17, 2023



Tila or sesame whose botanical name is Sesamum indicum is an annual flowering plant in the Pedaliaceae family, known for its edible seeds. Sesame seeds are small, flat seeds with a nutty flavor and a delicate texture. Seeds have different colours, including white, black and brown. Sesame seeds are a rich source of protein, healthy fats and various minerals.


RASA : madhura, tikta.

ANURASA : kshaya

GUNA : sukshma, ushna, tikshna, guru.

VIRYA : ushna

VIPAKA : madhura

EFFECT ON TRIDOSHA : balance vata & kapha.



  1. Sesame seeds boast several nutritional properties, including being a good source of protein, healthy fats and various minerals.
  2. They contain antioxidants, such as sesamol and are rich in vitamin E.
  3. Sesame seeds also provide essential minerals like copper, manganese and calcium.
  4. They contribute to heart health by containing monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats.
  5. The seeds have potential anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.


Sesame offers numerous benefits and versatile uses:

  1. Culinary: Widely used in cooking, sesame seeds add flavor and texture to various dishes, such as salads, stir-fries and baked goods.
  2. Oil Production: Sesame oil, extracted from the seeds, is a flavorful cooking oil with a high smoke point.
  3. Baking: Sesame seeds are often sprinkled on bread, buns or cookies for added taste and visual appeal.
  4. Nutrient-Rich: High in protein, healthy fats, vitamins (especially vitamin E) and minerals (like copper and manganese).
  5. Heart Health: The monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats in sesame seeds support heart health.
  6. Antioxidants: Sesame seeds contain antioxidants such as sesamol, which help combat oxidative stress.
  7. Bone Health: Rich in calcium, sesame seeds contribute to bone health and help prevent osteoporosis.
  8. Anti-Inflammatory: Some compounds in sesame seeds exhibit potential anti-inflammatory effects.